During the 1950s and 1960s, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. and the civil rights movement as a whole were the focus of local, state and national governmental programs aimed at destroying the mass struggle of African-Americans against legalized segregation and economic exploitation. The local authorities in the South working in conjunction with the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) under former director J. Edgar Hoover, used various tactics designed to minimize Dr. King's influence and to bring about his political and physical destruction. The article published below documents testimony from the Church Committee Senate hearings during the 1970s where some aspects of the dirty tricks campaigns against Dr. King and the movement were revealed.
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