People's Republic of China former Vice-President Xi Jinping. Xi was elected as the new leader of the Communist Party of China along with the new Central Committee., a photo by Pan-African News Wire File Photos on Flickr.
Xi Jinping elected general secretary of CPC Central Committee
English.news.cn 2012-11-15 11:47:55
BEIJING, Nov. 15 (Xinhua) -- Xi Jinping was elected general secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee at the first plenary session of the 18th CPC Central Committee on Thursday morning.
Other members of the newly elected Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the 18th CPC Central Committee are Li Keqiang, Zhang Dejiang, Yu Zhengsheng, Liu Yunshan, Wang Qishan, and Zhang Gaoli.
CPC elects new Central Committee in leadership transition
BEIJING, Nov. 14 (Xinhua) -- The Communist Party of China (CPC) on Wednesday elected the 18th CPC Central Committee, unveiling the new leadership lineup for the coming five years.
Elected by 2,307 delegates at the closing session of the 18th CPC National Congress, the new CPC Central Committee includes 205 members and 171 alternate members.
"The congress elected a new Central Committee of the Party and replaced older leaders with younger ones," Hu Jintao said in an address at the closing session of the 18th CPC National Congress in the Great Hall of the People in Beijing.
Xi Jinping and Li Keqiang were elected to the Party's top decision-making body. Hu Jintao, Wu Bangguo, Wen Jiabao, Jia Qinglin, Li Changchun, He Guoqiang and Zhou Yongkang, who were members of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the 17th CPC Central Committee, are not in the new Central Committee.
Wang Qishan, Liu Yunshan, Liu Yandong, Li Yuanchao, Wang Yang, Zhang Gaoli, Zhang Dejiang and Yu Zhengsheng, who were members of the Political Bureau of the 17th CPC Central Committee, were also elected to the new CPC Central Committee.
The 18th CPC Central Committee will elect the Political Bureau, the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau and the General Secretary at its first plenary session on Thursday morning.
The 17th CPC Central Committee elected five years ago had 204 members and 167 alternate members.
Before the formal election on Wednesday morning, delegates to the congress carried out preliminary elections for candidates of members and alternate members of the 18th CPC Central Committee and of members of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection.
According to the Party Constitution, the highest leading body of the CPC is the National Congress and the Central Committee it elects, and all constituent organizations and members of the Party are subordinate to the National Congress and the Central Committee.
The CPC National Congress is held once every five years.
Xinhua Insight: CPC Constitution enshrines Scientific Outlook on Development as part of action guide
By Xinhua writers Cheng Yunjie, Cui Qingxin and Meng Na
BEIJING, Nov. 14 (Xinhua) -- The Communist Party of China (CPC) amended its Constitution on Wednesday to enshrine the Scientific Outlook on Development as the part of its guide for action.
Unanimously agreed by delegates to the 18th CPC National Congress, the amendment juxtaposes the Scientific Outlook on Development along with Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory and the important thought of Three Represents, according to a resolution passed by the Party congress.
Hu Angang, a professor with the Tsinghua University and a delegate to the congress, said, "The amendment has pinpointed the historical position of the Scientific Outlook on Development, and enriched the connotation of the Party's action guide to reflect the governing philosophy of Chinese leaders of several generations."
A fundamental law of the CPC, the Constitution enjoys the highest authority within the Party and has supreme binding power to all Party members.
According to the amendment, the Scientific Outlook on Development is a long-term guiding ideology the Party must adhere to.
Despite the double-digit annual growth rate for about three decades, the Chinese economy is now strained by a shortage of energy and resources, the wealth gap, inequitable income distribution, corruption and environmental woes.
Facilitating economic expansion but failing to cure social ills is a prevalent concern of the public.
Massive protests in Sichuan, Jiangsu and Zhejiang provinces over environmental disputes this year have revealed the brutal truth that the Scientific Outlook on Development has not been seriously considered, let alone well implemented.
By elevating the Outlook into part of the action guide, analysts said, the world's largest Party will be able to cement consensus among its 82 million members.
KEEP UP WITH THE TIMES
Since the current Constitution was endorsed in 1982, the Party has made six revisions in accordance with the country's changing conditions and the Party's latest achievements in adapting Marxism to China's practical situation.
In 1997, Deng Xiaoping Theory was written into the Constitution as a manifestation of the Party's judgment that China would remain in the primary stage of socialism for a long period of time, and should make economic development as the central task.
Five years later, the important thought of Three Represents was incorporated into the Constitution to clarify what socialism is and how China should build socialism.
Following the outbreak of the deadly severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) epidemic in 2003, the Scientific Outlook on Development was put forward in October that year at the Third Plenary Session of the 16th CPC Central Committee to facilitate overall, coordinated and sustainable development.
"By proposing and formulating the Scientific Outlook on Development, the Party clarifies the definition of scientific development, enhances its governing capacity and consolidates its governing position and legitimacy," said professor Dai Yanjun of the Party School of the CPC Central Committee.
The 18th Party congress also endorsed the inclusion of the socialist system, path and theories with Chinese characteristics into the CPC Constitution, to help the Party deepen its understanding of the socialist path China has embarked on and fully grasp its nature, the resolution said.
Liu Jingbei, director of China Executive Leadership Academy-Pudong in Shanghai, said this move has rejected the distractive ideological trends in recent years, reaffirming the Party's stance of neither going back to rigidity nor attempting to abandon socialism or take an erroneous path.
AIM FOR FUTURE
Another noteworthy amendment to the Constitution, Hu Angang said, is the detailed explanation on the strategic position of ecological progress in China's overall development plans.
"Previously, there were only a few words stating that the Party would build a resource-efficient and environmentally friendly society," said Hu, referring to the amended Constitution in 2007.
"It is no exaggeration to call the amendment (at the 18th Party congress) a declaration of the Party's stance on building ecological civilization. It is a landmark move for political parties across the world," he said.
Shi Zhihong, deputy director of the Policy Research Office of the CPC Central Committee, said that by promoting ecological progress, the Party will not only benefit contemporary Chinese and nature, but also create a better environment for future generations.
With the nation at a crucial stage of reforms which involve the tackling of deep-rooted problems, the Party has amended its Constitution to hail reform and opening up as "the path to a stronger China", and the "salient feature" of a new period in the country.
"Only reform and opening up can enable China, socialism and Marxism to develop themselves," according to the resolution.
The CPC Constitution serves as the Party's basic law and its spirit will be carried forward in the long run, said Ye Duchu, professor of the Party School of the CPC Central Committee.
"The challenges facing the CPC will sharpen its foresight and take whatever has been accomplished as a new starting point," said Ye.
(Xu Lingui, Xu Xiaoqing and Zhao Renwei contributed to the reporting.)
List of members of the 18th CPC Central Committee
English.news.cn 2012-11-14 21:51:36
BEIJING, Nov. 14 (Xinhua) -- The following is a list of the 205 members of the 18th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC) elected at the 18th CPC National Congress here Wednesday (listed in the order of the number of strokes in their surnames):
Yu Guangzhou Xi Jinping Ma Kai
Ma Biao (Zhuang) Ma Xingrui Ma Xiaotian
Wang Jun Wang Xia (f.) Wang Min
Wang Yong Wang Chen Wang Yi
Wang Sanyun Wang Wanbin Wang Yupu
Wang Zhengwei (Hui) Wang Dongming Wang Guangya
Wang Weiguang Wang Anshun Wang Zhigang
Wang Qishan Wang Huning Wang Guosheng
Wang Xuejun Wang Jianping Wang Shengjun
Wang Hongyao Wang Xiankui Wang Guanzhong
Wang Jiarui Wang Jiaocheng Wang Xinxian
Wang Rulin Zhi Shuping You Quan
Che Jun Yin Weimin Bayanqolu(Mongolian)
Bater (Mongolian) Lu Zhangong Ye Xiaowen
Tian Zhong Tian Xiusi Padma Choling(Tibetan)
Bai Chunli (Manchu) Ling Jihua Ji Bingxuan
Zhu Xiaodan Zhu Fuxi Quan Zhezhu (Korean)
Liu Peng Liu Yuan Liu He
Liu Yunshan Liu Yazhou Liu Chengjun
Liu Weiping Liu Yandong (f.) Liu Qibao
Liu Xiaojiang Liu Jiayi Liu Yuejun
Liu Fulian Xu Dazhe Xu Qiliang
Xu Yaoyuan Sun Huaishan Sun Jianguo
Sun Chunlan (f.) Sun Zhengcai Sun Sijing
Su Shulin Du Qinglin Du Jincai
Du Hengyan Li Wei Li Bin (f.)
Li Congjun Li Dongsheng Li Liguo
Li Jiheng Li Keqiang Li Xueyong
Li Jianhua Li Jianguo Li Hongzhong
Li Yuanchao Yang Jing (Mongolian) Yang Chuantang
Yang Jinshan Yang Dongliang Yang Jiechi
Yang Huanning Xiao Gang Xiao Jie
Wu Changde Wu Shengli Wu Aiying (f.)
Wu Xinxiong He Yiting Leng Rong
Wang Yang Wang Yongqing Shen Yueyue (f.)
Shen Deyong Song Dahan Song Xiuyan (f.)
Zhang Yang Zhang Mao Zhang Yi
Zhang Youxia Zhang Shibo Zhang Qingwei
Zhang Qingli Zhang Zhijun Zhang Guoqing
Zhang Baoshun Zhang Chunxian Zhang Gaoli
Zhang Haiyang Zhang Yijiong Zhang Dejiang
Lu Hao Chen Xi Chen Lei
Chen Quanguo Chen Qiufa (Miao) Chen Baosheng
Chen Zhenggao Chen Min'er Nur Bekri (Uygur)
Miao Wei Fan Changlong Lin Jun
Lin Zuoming Shang Fulin Luo Zhijun
Luo Baoming Zhou Ji Zhou Qiang
Zhou Benshun Zhou Shengxian Zheng WeipingX Fang Fenghui Meng Xuenong Meng Jianzhu
Xiang Junbo Zhao Shi (f.) Zhao Zhengyong
Zhao Leji Zhao Keshi Zhao Kezhi
Zhao Zongqi Zhao Hongzhu Hu Zejun (f.)
Hu Chunhua Yu Zhengsheng Jiang Daming
Jiang Yikang Luo Huining Qin Guangrong
Yuan Chunqing Yuan Guiren Geng Huichang
Nie Weiguo Li Zhanshu Jia Ting'an
Xia Baolong Tie Ning (f.) Xu Shousheng
Xu Shaoshi Xu Fenlin Gao Hucheng
Guo Shengkun Guo Jinlong Guo Gengmao
Guo Shuqing Huang Xingguo Huang Qifan
Huang Shuxian Cao Jianming Qi Jianguo
Chang Wanquan Lu Xinshe Peng Yong
Peng Qinghua Jiang Dingzhi Jiang Jianguo
Jiang Jiemin Han Zheng Han Changfu
Jiao Huancheng Xie Fuzhan Qiang Wei
Lou Jiwei Xie Zhenhua Chu Yimin
Cai Wu Cai Mingzhao Cai Yingting
Cai Fuchao Luo Shugang Wei Liang
List of Political Bureau members of 18th CPC Central Committee
English.news.cn 2012-11-15 12:28:58
BEIJING, Nov. 15 (Xinhua) -- The following is the list of the Political Bureau members of the 18th Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee (listed in the order of the number of strokes in their surnames):
Xi Jinping, Ma Kai, Wang Qishan, Wang Huning, Liu Yunshan, Liu Yandong (female), Liu Qibao, Xu Qiliang, Sun Chunlan (female), Sun Zhengcai, Li Keqiang, Li Jianguo, Li Yuanchao, Wang Yang, Zhang Chunxian, Zhang Gaoli, Zhang Dejiang, Fan Changlong, Meng Jianzhu, Zhao Leji, Hu Chunhua, Yu Zhengsheng, Li Zhanshu, Guo Jinlong and Han Zheng.
They were elected at the first plenary session of the 18th CPC Central Committee on Thursday.