Friday, December 14, 2012

Iran and Sudan Deepen Cooperation Against Israeli Military Efforts in Africa

Iran Seeks Missile And Naval Bases In Sudan; Netanyahu Blasts UN And EU Indifference

By: Steve K. Walz
December 13th, 2012
Jewish Press

JERUSALEM – In the aftermath of alleged Israeli Air Force attacks against Sudanese weapons storage facilities and arms smuggling convoys that featured advanced Iranian weapons destined for Hamas in the Gaza Strip, Iran’s Revolutionary Guards have increased their military alliance with Sudan. Sudan’s President Omar al-Bashir is wanted by the International Criminal Court for crimes against humanity and genocide.

Over the past few weeks, several Iranian naval vessels have docked in Port Sudan in order to unload new weapons intended for both the Sudanese military and Hamas, and to establish a naval base on the Red Sea. NATO and Saudi naval vessels patrol the Red Sea region near Sudan for the purpose of combating Somali pirates, while Israeli submarines and UAVs are also purportedly operating in the area to keep a watchful eye on both the Iranian navy and Sudanese military. Israel has forged a close relationship with South Sudan, the fledgling African Christian nation that fought a long war against al-Bashir’s Islamic regime before declaring independence in July 2011.

Sources say that the IDF’s military intelligence branch believes that Port Sudan is the drop-off point for Iranian-made Fajr medium-range missiles, which were fired by both Hamas and Islamic Jihad at Tel Aviv and Jerusalem during last month’s Gaza fighting. Hamas and Islamic Jihad leaders have openly acknowledged the Revolutionary Guards’ delivery of the advanced missiles to Gaza. For their part, the Israelis have warned the White House and the UN that they would void the Egyptian-brokered cease-fire with Hamas if advanced Fajrs were smuggled back into Gaza.

Arab news sources reported that al-Bashir has given the go-ahead to Iran’s Guards to build a military base on Sudanese soil. It would feature Iranian long-range missiles capable of hitting southern and central Israel, while also threatening nearby Saudi Arabia and American Air Force and naval bases in Gulf Arab states. The Saudi Arabian government, which has supplied Sudan with hundreds of millions of dollars for various infrastructure projects during the past few years, has threatened to cut off that financial aid if al-Bashir allows the Iranian Revolutionary Guards to establish a formal military presence in and around Port Sudan.

Earlier this week, the Pentagon announced that it would sell to Israel a host of new munitions worth nearly $650 million in order to restock depleted weapons inventories in the aftermath of Operation Pillar of Defense. Most of the weapons will go to Israel’s Air Force, which bombed over a thousand targets in Gaza during that operation.

Before this week’s gathering of Israel-based foreign correspondents, including those from Arab media outlets, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu lambasted Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas and EU leaders for remaining silent after Hamas leader Khaled Mashaal openly called for the destruction of the Jewish state.

“This [past] weekend, the leaders of Hamas openly called for the destruction of Israel. Where was the outrage? Where were the UN resolutions? Where was President Abbas?” Netanyahu asked. “Why weren’t Palestinian diplomats summoned in European and other capitals to explain why the PA president not only refused to condemn this, but actually declared his intention to unite with Hamas?”

Israel, Iran vie for control of Red Sea

Published: Dec. 11, 2012 at 1:52 PM

BEIRUT, Lebanon, Dec. 11 (UPI) -- BEIRUT, Lebanon, Dec. 11 (UPI) -- The Red Sea, a key shipping route, is becoming an arena of confrontation between Israel and Iran, with Sudan and Eritrea key targets by both sides in a strategic contest that's likely to intensify in the months ahead.

Sudanese opposition groups claim the Khartoum regime, which has long maintained links with the Islamic Republic, is allowing Iran to establish a naval base on its coastline along the western shore of the Red Sea.

Israel allegedly mounted an Oct. 24 airstrike against the Yarmouk arms plant outside Khartoum, a plant some sources maintain was producing Iranian missiles to be smuggled through Egypt to Palestinian militants in the Gaza Strip.

Israel has long conducted intelligence-gathering operations in Eritrea, on the eastern shore of the Red Sea where Tehran seeks to control the strategic Bab el-Mandeb Strait at the southern end of the waterway.

Eritrea, an economically weak state with a population of 5.2 million, broke away from Ethiopia in 1991 after a long and bloody independence war. It's had a security problem ever since because Ethiopia, with 90 million people, lost its ports on the Red Sea and became landlocked.

Eritrea's greatest fear is an invasion by U.S.-backed Ethiopia to recover its lost territory. The countries fought a fierce border war in 1998-2000 and relations remain tense.

This has made Eritrea, isolated from its African neighbors and the United States, open to outside alignments and being dragged into other conflicts.

"In exchange for resources, possibly including modest amounts of cash and weapons, Eritrea has exhibited a willingness to become a base of support for Middle Eastern powers that want to exert greater influence in the Horn of Africa," the U.S. global security consultancy Stratfor observed.

"As a result, Eritrea and its waters in the Gulf of Aden have become another venue for Iran and Israel's rivalry.

"Israel and Iran's engagement with Eritrea is an extension of their rivalry over the Red Sea, which allegedly led to the bombing of the Yarmouk weapons factory in Sudan," Stratfor noted.

"Iran's operations in Eritrea are relevant to Tehran's larger goal of controlling the Bab el-Mandab Strait and the water route to the Suez Canal."

Iran is seeking to build up its naval forces and extend operations beyond the Persian Gulf to the Indian Ocean, the Red Sea and even the Mediterranean.

In the last few months Tehran has twice sent warships to Sudan's main Red Sea port to fly the flag and demonstrate support for the crisis-battered regime of President Omar al-Bashir.

It's locked in an explosive dispute with the infant state of South Sudan, which became independent in July 2011 after a decades-long civil war and gripped by growing unrest.

The South has the bulk of Sudan's oil reserves, the loss of which has cost Khartoum dearly and seriously undermined Bashir's oppressive regime.

Israel supported the southern rebels during the civil war against the Muslim Arab regime in Khartoum, primarily to contain Egypt and Iranian expansion on the Jewish state's western flank.

These days, Israel's widely suspected of aiding the fledgling state in the south against Khartoum.

In November, Sudan reported it thwarted a coup plot involving senior figures close to Bashir. Few details have been disclosed but there are deep suspicions Israel may have had a hand in it.

Increasingly, Israel's primary objective is to block Iranian operations and arms shipments in Sudan. The weapons are mainly shipped by the Revolutionary Guards from their Bandar Abbas base in the Persian Gulf to southern Sudan from where they are moved north overland to Egypt and across the Sinai Peninsula to Gaza.

The heavy Nov. 14-21 clashes between Israel and Hamas militants were triggered by Israel's alarm at the buildup in Gaza of Iranian Fajr missiles, capable of reaching Israel's population centers.

Indeed, during the fighting, several Fajrs were fired at Tel Aviv, and another at Jerusalem, a nightmare scenario the Israelis have long dreaded.

The missiles were shot down but the Israelis can be expected to pull out all the stops to prevent a much more destructive onslaught from Gaza, along with Hezbollah in Lebanon.

Israeli warplanes and unmanned aerial vehicles reportedly wiped out at least two arms shipments being trucked through Sudan in 2010.

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