Somali resistance fighters in Mogadishu remain armed. In late March 2007 fighting escalated aimed at forcing the withdrawal of the US-backed Ethiopian and Ugandan military units from the country.
Originally uploaded by Pan-African News Wire File Photos
By Aweys Yusuf
MOGADISHU (Reuters) - Abdio Qasim Elmi was desperate to hold onto the security of shelter, food and water in her Mogadishu home despite near daily gun battles between Ethiopian government troops and rebel insurgents.
But when a mortar shell killed three people in a neighbouring house in the Somali capital, the 50-year-old abandoned hope. She packed a few belongings and fled with her six children.
Now they are in a camp for displaced people in Elasha, 20 km (12 miles) south of the capital, along with another 482 families.
"We have no water, no food and no plastic to cover our shelter," Elmi told Reuters. "My older daughter is gravely sick and I cannot afford to buy her medicine. We are living a miserable life here."
About 88,000 Somalis have fled the coastal city during heavy fighting in Mogadishu since the last weekend, adding to hundreds of thousands who ran away earlier this year, according to the United Nations' refugee agency.
Many of them have erected makeshift shelters made of tattered sheets and sticks by the road.
"My family and I are exposed to the rain and cold at nights because we have not found any plastic to cover our shelter," said 30-year-old Ayan Osman Mohamed, with a three-month old baby strapped to her back.
"We came here because the government troops asked us to leave during a heavy fight between them and the insurgents."
The refugees say their biggest problem is water.
Young women sit by hundreds of jerry cans lined up outside the camp daily, waiting for local charities to deliver water in tankers. On many days, they head back to their shacks without a drop despite a whole day of waiting.
Since early 2007, the Somalia government and its Ethiopian allies have been the target of almost daily attacks by mainly Islamists rebels who say the government is illegitimate and propped up by foreign "invaders".
Aid agencies say incessant violence has led to an unfolding humanitarian catastrophe. Other humanitarian hotspots such as Sudan's Darfur have also taken the spotlight away from Somalia.
The insecurity has forced most aid agencies to leave the country, leaving only the United Nations and a few other groups to run limited operations staffed almost entirely by Somalis.
"Only WFP has provided some food and people here desperately need clean drinking water. Children have began to fall sick and their families have no money," said Hassan Ali Aden, a refugee father of eight.
But even World Food Programme (WFP) operations have not been spared. The UN agency suspended food deliveries to the city when intelligence officers stormed its Mogadishu compound and detained a top official without charge for nearly a week.
It is now in negotiations with the government to resume the distribution.
Piracy on Somali waters compounds the problem and bringing food from neighbouring Kenya is almost impossible because of insecure roads.
But for many in the camps, going back to Mogadishu is not an option.
"Life here is hard, of course. In Mogadishu, I used a wheelbarrow to cart things for people and earned a little," said Ibrahim Abdi Ibrahim, living in another refugee camp dubbed Ex-Mogadishu Stadium camp.
"My children and I were happy, but we cannot go back as long the meaningless killing is underway."
(Additional Reporting by Abdi Sheikh)
ALMOST 90,000 SOMALIS DISPLACED AFTER LATEST ROUND OF FIGHTING
The United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) reported on Thursday that up to 88,000 people have fled the Somali capital, Mogadishu, this past weekend due to increased fighting. The number exceeds that of the previous four months combined.
As The Media Line (TML) reported earlier in the week Mogadishu saw this week some of the worst fighting in recent months and, according to the United Nations, the attacks have become better organized.
The two sides, the transnational government and the Islamic Courts Union (ICU), issue evacuation orders and conduct house-to-house searches and large-scale detentions. Some reports claim that entire sections of the city have been emptied out.
The ICU is a rival administration to the transitional government whose mandate is based on fundamental adherence to Islam. It was in control of the country up until December 2006 when government forces, with the backing of Ethiopian troops, routed out most of the ICU.
The current fighting is just the most recent in a long line in a country that has not seen a stable government since the outbreak of the civil war in 1991.
The U.N. estimates that more than 400,000 civilians have left the capital after violence earlier in the year. Including the latest waves of displacement and the some 350,000 long-term displaced, the total number of internally displaced persons in Somalia now numbers more than 800,000. Overall, 1.5 million people in Somalia are in need of assistance and protection, marking a 50-percent increase since the beginning of the year.
U.N. Emergency Relief Coordinator John Holmes said respect for international humanitarian law in some parts of Somalia was negligible. He added he was very concerned that national and international Non Governmental Organizations (NGOs) were now saying that they could not respond effectively to the crisis because access and security were deteriorating dramatically even as needs were increasing.
By The Media Line Staff on Thursday, November 01, 2007