Tuesday, November 11, 2008

New Book Examines the Character of the Deepening Crisis in Capitalist Globalization

New Book Examines the Character of the Deepening Crisis in Capitalist Globalization

Title: Colossus With Feet of Clay: Low-Wage Capitalism, What the new globalized, high-tech imperialism means for the class struggle in the U.S.".
Author: Fred Goldstein
Publisher: WorldView Forum, New York, 2008

A Review by Abayomi Azikiwe, Editor
Pan-African News Wire

This is a must read book for those seeking answers to the current crisis in world capitalism. With the economic meltdown of 2008, the very future of the system of international finance capital has been thrown into question.

Just within the last year we have witnessed the monumental write-offs of hundreds of billions of dollars by the world's leading banks and investment firms. Names such as Bear Stearns, Goldman Sachs, UBS, HSBC, Wachovia, Citigroup, AIG, Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, etc., have become the focus of attention for not only the bourgeoisie but working people who have seen their jobs, homes, pensions and overall living standards plunge.

Over the course of 2008, official statistics on the United States economy indicate that in excess of 1 million jobs have been lost. Consumer confidence has plunged while greater signs of social discord have emerged, that in part, has resulted in the willingness of many whites to vote for the nation's first African American president.

This crisis is not confined to the United States. The so-called "subprime mortage mess" or the "credit crunch", as it was described during the early months of 2008, is now, even by the corporate press, being labelled as a major economic dilemma affecting billions throughout the globe.

What has generated profound anger among working people throughout the United States is the response to this crisis by the capitalist class and the bourgeois state which has given in excess of a trillion dollars in taxpayer money to the very same financial institutions that created the crisis.

The U.S. Federal Reserve Bank, along with central banks througout Europe and the world, have handed over hundreds of billions of dollars and other units of currency to the bankers in order to stave off a more rapid collapse of the system. Despite all of these subsidies to the financiers, many of these firms have not survived. Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac have essentially been "nationalized" under capitalist control by the United States government in order to soften the fall of the multi-trillion dollar housing market in the country.

Yet there has been no bailout for the working people of the United States and the world. Millions have loss their homes and jobs. Their pensions are rapidly drying up because many of these funds were invested in the gambling houses of Wall Street and their allies around the world.

Nonetheless, the resistance and fightback is developing. Workers in Europe have staged general strikes against rising fuel and food prices. There have been food rebellions in various countries throughout the Caribbean and Africa. In the United States, a burgeoning movement calling for a moratorium on foreclosures has made a political impact and is influencing the political dialogue taking place inside the country.

What is the Source of This Crisis?

Goldstein, utilizing marxist economic analysis, has approached this crisis from the standpoint of those who are most seriously affected: the working class, the nationally oppressed and women. The author makes the case in very simple and straight forward language that the crisis is one of capitalist overproduction.

According to Goldstein: "This cycle dictates that, during periods of capitalist expansion, the powers of production increase ever more rapidly while the powers of consumption of society expand only gradually. Sooner or later production outstrips consumption. Profit does not arrive in corporate bank accounts until sales take place. If commodities cannot be sold at a profit, inventories pile up, production stops, workers are laid off, and a crisis ensues. That is the crude dynamic of the capitalist crisis of overproduction." (pp. xi-xii).

The author continues by pointing out that: "The new international division of labor pits workers all around the world against each other in a race to the bottom. It depresses wages of the working class in imperialist countries and expands the sweatshop, superexploitation of the workers in low-wage countries. It makes each capitalist recovery more difficult and undermines the historic advantages accruing to the workers in a capitalist upturn. All this is aggravating the general crisis of capitalism. High technology and low-wage capitalism on a world scale are accelerating the crisis of overproduction and laying the basis for a massive counter-attack by the working class." (p. xiii).

Women, Race and the Crisis in Capitalism

As it relates to the impact of the crisis on women and the nationally oppressed in the United States, Goldstein looks at this phenomena within the context of the historical development of the country. It was the stolen land of the Native Americans and the slave labor of the African people, along with the low-wage exploitation of Chinese workers in building the railways on the west coast, that made America the leading capitalist nation in the world.

The author takes note of the changing character of the labor force in the United States: "But the rise in the number of women compared to men in the workforce over the last three decades is telling. In 1970, 79 percent of all men participated in the labor force as opposed to 43 percent of all women. In 2005, men's participation dropped to 72 percent while women's climbed to 60 percent. Women's participation in the labor force has steadily risen since 1980 and men's participation has steadily declined. By 2005 there were 80 million men and 70 million women in the workforce."

Nonetheless, Goldstein emphasizes that women are more likely to receive lower wages than men. He also points to the class nature of the Clinton-era "welfare reform" policy that advanced the "politically reactionary campaign to spread the idea that those on welfare were lazy people who just wanted to 'live off the dole.' It was racist in character because the racist regime of U.S. capitalism has left so many Black single parents in poverty and almost all references to the poor focus in on African Americans (even though the majority of the poor in the U.S. are white)." (p. 134).

In specific reference to African Americans, Goldstein illustrates how the restructuring of capitalism has devastated large sections of the Black working class. He says that: "The restructuring by the bosses devastated Black workers, partly as a result of a deliberate effort starting in the 1960s and 1970s to relocate plants away from the industrial central cities, where there were great concentrations of the African-American proletariat. But this devastation was also the result of a general decline in manufacturing and particularly of the general attack on the union movement." (p. 137).

The Coming Fightback

Not only does Goldstein analyze the character of the modern-day capitalist crisis but he is bold enough to put forward a set of possible demands that can serve as a rallying point for a national and international fightback movement. Looking at the recent struggles that have taken place over the last three decades during the decline, he firmly believes that the present crisis can be reversed through a proactive approach by the working class and the oppressed.

This struggle will not only encompass the workers of the industrialized capitalist states but the proletariat in the United States and western Europe must understand the necessity of forming alliances with working people in the former colonial and neo-colonial countries. The globalization of capitalist production has created the condition for such an alliance that can transform the course of history.

Goldstein's work not only makes a significant contribution to the resurgence in literature on marxist political economy, but it can, more importantly, serve as a guide for building broader and more militant social movements that directly address the need to transform capitalist societies in order to ensure a socialist future for humanity.
Abayomi Azikiwe is the editor of the Pan-African News Wire and has served as a contributing editor to Workers World Newspaper.

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