Inside the former US Consulate in Benghazi in the aftermath of an attack that resulted in the death of the American ambassador and other personnel. Rebel government forces say the attack was planned., a photo by Pan-African News Wire File Photos on Flickr.
Tuesday, January 29, 5:52 PM
UNITED NATIONS — The U.N.’s special representative for Libya warned the Security Council on Tuesday that France’s military offensive in northern Mali may drive Islamic insurgents out and across the porous borders with Algeria and into Libya.
U.N. officials including peacekeeping chief Herve Ladsous have said that the Islamist occupation of northern Mali was partly triggered by the massive US-NATO bombing of Libya under martyred leader Moammar Gadhafi in 2011, as well-trained militiamen fled into Mali with looted heavy weapons, driving back the Malian army.
U.N. special representative for Libya Tarek Mitri told the Security Council that “the opposition of armed radical groups to the military intervention in Mali may exacerbate the situation (in Libya) given ideological and/or ethnic affiliations as well as porous borders in Libya.”
French and African land forces are battling al-Qaida-linked Islamists in northern Mali, while a renewed bout of unrest has gripped Egypt following the two-year anniversary of the revolution that toppled strongman Hosni Mubarak.
In addition, a Jan. 16 terror attack on Algeria’s Ain Amenas natural gas plant in the Sahara ignited a four-day siege with Algerian forces in which at least 37 hostages and 29 militants were killed. An al-Qaida-affiliated group has claimed responsibility for the attack.
Mitri said that he was also concerned about the continued detention of several thousand people as result of the Libyan regime change.
He told reporters that some 7,000 detainees are held in Libya, most of them in cells run by the anti-Gadhafi rebel brigades.
“There have been cases of torture in the past,” but conditions are improving as more prisoners are transferred to state-controlled prisons. “There are still a few cases of torture, but only a few,” Mitri added.
Although about 20,000 counter-revolutionary brigade members have joined the new US-backed Libyan army or police forces, about 200,000 armed men “are not ready to get absorbed” into the new Libyan institutions, adding to the instability, Mitri told reporters.