Wednesday, April 25, 2018

First Revolutionary Armed Force—Korean People’s Revolutionary Army
Eighty-six years have passed since President Kim Il Sung founded the Korean People’s Revolutionary Army.

On this occasion, the Korean people look back with deep emotion upon the immortal exploits performed by the President who paved the way for the building of the Juche-oriented revolutionary armed forces by founding the KPRA.

With a high ambition to win back his country deprived of by the Japanese imperialists (1905-1945), Kim Il Sung embarked on the arduous road of revolution with the two pistols bequeathed to him by his father as a valuable asset.

At the Kalun Meeting held in summer of Juche 19 (1930) he put forward the line of the anti-Japanese armed struggle and the strategic policy of organizing and waging an armed struggle mainly in the form of guerrilla warfare at the Mingyuegou Meeting held in winter of 1931.

He paid primary attention to building up armed ranks.

While training the members of the Korean Revolutionary Army founded in July 1930 and those of party and young communist league organizations to be the backbone of the armed ranks, he saw to it that armed units were formed with young people tempered in such para-military organizations as the Red Guards, Workers’ Pickets and Children’s Vanguards in Antu and its surrounding areas.

With the backbone prepared, he first organized a small guerrilla unit with young communists and expanded it to other areas.

He also channelled efforts into obtaining weapons.

Upholding the slogan “Weapons are our life and soul! Oppose armed force with armed force!” advanced by Kim Il Sung, the soldiers of small guerrilla units and members of revolutionary organizations wrested weapons from the Japanese aggressor troops and pro-Japanese elements everywhere they could and, at the same time, made swords and spears at smithies.

He laid a mass foundation for armed struggle in many rural areas along the Tuman River in a short span of time by launching positive activities for creating favourable circumstances for guerrilla warfare.

Regarding the formation of an allied front with the Chinese nationalist anti-Japanese armed units as an urgent problem to be solved in the course of making preparations for founding the guerrilla army, he held face-to-face negotiations with the leaders of the Chinese nationalist anti-Japanese armed units and led them to join the anti-Japanese allied front.

Moreover, he ensured that such problems as the command structure and uniform of the guerrilla army were resolved in an original way in conformity with the requirements and characteristics of guerrilla warfare.

After fully making the subjective and objective conditions for building a revolutionary armed force, he proclaimed the founding of the Anti-Japanese People’s Guerrilla Army at Xiaoshahe, Antu County of China on April 25, Juche 21 (1932).

The founding of the AJPGA was a historic event that realized the centuries-old desire of the Korean people who craved for the birth of their own revolutionary armed force.

Later, the AJPGA was reorganized into the KPRA in March 1934 in keeping with the requirements of the developing reality. Under the commandership of Kim Il Sung, the KPRA launched an active armed struggle against the Japanese imperialists, defeated them and achieved the historic cause of Korea’s liberation on August 15, 1945. It was developed into the Korean People’s Army, a regular revolutionary armed force, on February 8, 1948.

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