Friday, June 22, 2018

Trump Threatens to Slam a Massive Tariff on European Cars, Which Could Cause Economic Chaos
Business Insider

President Donald Trump on Friday threatened to impose a 20% tariff on imports of cars from the European Union.

The move would be a huge escalation of Trump's ongoing trade conflict with the EU.

Trump already hit Europe with steel and aluminum tariffs, angering EU leaders and triggering retaliation.

President Donald Trump on Friday threatened to slam huge tariffs on imported cars from the European Union, a massive new threat in the escalating trade conflict between the allies.

Trump in May had directed the Commerce Department to launch an investigation into imported autos, similar to the procedure that led to the recent tariffs on steel and aluminum imports. While the results of that investigation are still weeks away, Trump raised the specter of tariffs on Twitter.

"Based on the Tariffs and Trade Barriers long placed on the US and it great companies and workers by the European Union, if these Tariffs and Barriers are not soon broken down and removed, we will be placing a 20% Tariff on all of their cars coming into the US," Trump tweeted. "Build them here!"

The tweet appears to contradict a statement made by Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross at a Senate Finance Committee hearing on Wednesday. Ross told lawmakers that "no decision" had been made regarding tariffs and that the process was in the "early stages."

A spokesperson for the Commerce Department told Business Insider that the investigation is still ongoing.

Trump has long been fixated on imported cars. During a recent panel, his former economic adviser Gary Cohn recounted a story in which, he said, Trump asked why all cars in the US weren't made domestically.

New auto tariffs would be a massive escalation of the already intense trade fight between the US and Europe. Leaders from the UK, Germany, and France slammed Trump's decision to hit the EU with steel and aluminum tariffs, and the bloc responded with tariffs of its own.

In total, the US imported over $43 billion worth of vehicles for people transportation in 2017. That means the size of the tariffs would dwarf those on steel and aluminum, which hit a little over $7 billion worth of EU exports to the US.

European car manufacturers, including BMW and Mercedes-Benz, have a large presence in the US. In September, Mercedes' parent company announced that it was investing $1 billion in its Alabama plant.

Tariffs on autos would have a devastating effect on the US economy, driving up the cost of cars for consumers and likely producing a drag on GDP growth. Additionally, the move could hurt thousands of auto industry workers. According to the Peterson Institute for International Economics, a 25% tariff on imported autos to the US would result in the loss of 195,000 US auto workers' jobs.

In an interview with Business Insider Germany last week, Bernhard Mattes, the president of the German Association of the Automotive Industry, said tariffs would hurt not only European automakers but the US economy as well. Mattes also said German automakers could not subsist without access to the US market.

"No, because the US is both an important export market and a strong production base for us," Mattes said. "We produce more than 800,000 vehicles in North America and employ 116,500 people in 250 factories."

In a statement following Trump's tweet, VDA said that the president's tariff threat was counterproductive.

"Further escalation of the trade conflict benefits no one," the statement said. "The German automotive industry advocates talking to the US despite the current difficult situation in order to strengthen transatlantic relations and solve existing problems."

The move could also prompt a response from the EU that would damage US automakers. The US exported $10 billion worth of passenger vehicles to the EU last year.

Automakers' stocks took a hit following Friday's news, with Ford and General Motors selling off sharply. European automakers — including Daimler, the maker of Mercedes, Volkswagen, and BMW — also sank.

Daimler , BMW, and Volkswagen declined a request for comment.

Additional reporting by John Stanley Hunter.

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